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Indicators and Data Sources

The SDG Gender Index is based on data that are compiled, quality-assured and disseminated by UN agencies, multilaterals, research institutes and others. Many of the indicators are produced by national statistical offices or line ministries in the countries themselves and reported according to internationally comparable standards to custodian agencies that have a formal role in globally monitoring the SDG targets. Some indicators are regularly collected or calculated by non-governmental organisations. More information on the methodologies and data sources can be accessed using the links provided here.


2019 EM2030 SDG Gender Index: Indicators and Data Sources

NoGoal IndexRefIndicatorSource(s)
1SDG 1: Poverty1aProportion of the population living below the national poverty lineWorld Bank, OECD
2SDG 1: Poverty1bProportion of the poorest quintile of the population covered by social assistance programsWorld Bank, UNSD
3SDG 1: Poverty1cThe extent to which laws afford women and men equal and secure access to land use, control and ownership (score)World Bank WBL
4SDG 1: Poverty1dProportion of women who report having had enough money to buy food that they or their family needed in the past 12 monthsGallup (no public link to Gallup database)
5SDG 2: Hunger & Nutrition2aPopulation below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (% of population)FAO (via World Bank)
6SDG 2: Hunger & Nutrition2bPrevalence of obesity among women aged 18+ yearsWHO
7SDG 2: Hunger & Nutrition2cPrevalence of anemia amongst non-pregnant women (aged 15-49 years)WHO
8SDG 3: Health3aMaternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births)WHO
9SDG 3: Health3bAdolescent birth rate (births per 1,000 women aged 15-19 years)UNSD, UNFPA
10SDG 3: Health3cProportion of women married or in a union of reproductive age (aged 15-49 years) who have had their need for family planning satisfied with modern methodsUNPD
11SDG 4: Education4aPercentage of female students enrolled in primary education who are over-ageUIS
12SDG 4: Education4bPercentage of young women aged 3-5 years above upper secondary school graduation age who have completed secondary educationUIS
13SDG 4: Education4cPercentage of young women (aged 15-24 years) not in education, employment or training (NEET)ILO
14SDG 4: Education4dLiteracy rate among adult (aged 15+ years) womenUIS
15SDG 5: Gender Equality5aProportion of women aged 20-24 years who were married or in a union before age 18UNICEF
16SDG 5: Gender Equality5bPercentage of women who agree that a husband/partner is justified in beating his wife/partner under certain circumstancesUNICEF
17SDG 5: Gender Equality5cThe extent to which there are legal grounds for abortion (score)CRR
18SDG 5: Gender Equality5dProportion of seats held by women in national parliamentsInter-Parliamentary Union (via UNSD)
19SDG 5: Gender Equality5eProportion of ministerial/senior government positions held by womenInter-Parliamentary Union (via World Bank)
20SDG 6: Water & Sanitation6aProportion of population using at least basic drinking water servicesWASH JMP (via WHO)
21SDG 6: Water & Sanitation6bProportion of population using at least basic sanitation servicesWASH JMP (via WHO)
22SDG 6: Water & Sanitation6cProportion of women who report being satisfied with the quality of water in the city or area where they liveGallup (no public link to Gallup database)
23SDG 7: Energy7aProportion of population with access to electricityWorld Bank (via UNSD)
24SDG 7: Energy7bProportion of population with primary reliance on clean fuels and technologyUNSD
25SDG 7: Energy7cProportion of women who report being satisfied with the quality of air where they liveGallup (no public link to Gallup database)
26SDG 8: Work & Economic Growth8aWage equality between women and men for similar work (score)World Bank
27SDG 8: Work & Economic Growth8bProportion of women recognized as "contributing family workers" (as a % of total employment for female employment)ILO
28SDG 8: Work & Economic Growth8cExtent of freedom of association and collective bargaining rights in law (score)PSU
29SDG 8: Work & Economic Growth8dExtent to which the country has laws mandating women's workplace equality (score)World Bank WBL
30SDG 8: Work & Economic Growth8eProportion of women who hold a bank account at a financial institutionWorld Bank (via UNSD)
31SDG 9: Industry, Infrastructure & Innovation9aProportion of women who have made or received digital payments in the past yearWorld Bank
32SDG 9: Industry, Infrastructure & Innovation9bProportion of women who report being satisfied with the quality of roads in the city or area where they liveGallup (no public link to Gallup database)
33SDG 9: Industry, Infrastructure & Innovation9cProportion of women with access to internet serviceITU
34SDG 9: Industry, Infrastructure & Innovation9dProportion of women in science and technology research positionsUIS
35SDG 10: Inequality10aPalma inequality ratio (the share of income of the richest 10% of the population divided by the share of income of the poorest 40%)UNU WiderUNU Wider
36SDG 10: Inequality10bLevel of personal autonomy, individual rights and freedom from discrimination (score)Freedom House
37SDG 10: Inequality10cProportion of ratified human rights instruments regarding migrationOHCHR
38SDG 11: Cities11aProportion of women who report having had enough money to provide adequate shelter or housing in the past 12 monthsGallup (no public link to Gallup database)
39SDG 11: Cities11bAnnual mean level of fine particulate matterWHO
40SDG 11: Cities11cPercentage of women aged 15+ who report that they “feel safe walking alone at night in the city or area where you live”Gallup (no public link to Gallup database)
41SDG 13: Climate13aExtent to which the delegation representing the country at the UNFCCC is gender balanced (score)UNFCCC
42SDG 13: Climate13bExtent to which a state is committed to disaster risk reduction (Sendai Framework)UNISDR
43SDG 13: Climate13cLevel of climate vulnerability (score)ND-GAIN Index
44SDG 16: Peace & Institutions16aProportion of children <5 years of age whose births were registered with a civil authorityUNSD
45SDG 16: Peace & Institutions16bFemale victims of intentional homicide (per 100,000 population)UNODC (via World Bank)
46SDG 16: Peace & Institutions16cPercentage of seats held by women on a country's Supreme Court or highest courtWorld Bank WBL
47SDG 16: Peace & Institutions16dExtent to which a state is viewed as legitimate, open, and representative (score)Fund for Peace, FS Index
48SDG 17: Partnerships17aSocial expenditure as a % of GDP (for all types of social assistance programs)World Bank, OECD
49SDG 17: Partnerships17bTax revenue as a % of GDPWorld Bank, OECD
50SDG 17: Partnerships17cExtent to which a national budget is broken down by factors such as gender, age, income, or region (score)International Budget Partnership
51SDG 17: Partnerships17dOpenness of gender statistics (score)Open Data Watch
Overview of the indicators and data sources used in the 2019 EM2030 SDG Gender Index. Click on the source name to go to the source.


Learn more about the SDG Gender Index here.

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