Owen Raggett / Plan International

Critical gender equality issues with insufficient global data

The process of research and consultation that has generated the first iteration of the SDG Gender Index has also revealed a number of issues that are of critical importance for girls and women worldwide that are, at present, ‘missing’ from, or insufficiently covered in, the current stock of global data on gender equality.

Given their importance, these are issues we would have included in the Index, if sufficient data were available.

Taken together, these ‘missing’ issues can form part of an advocacy agenda. These are data gaps that need to be filled and that can be filled if gender advocates speak with one voice in calling for more and better gender data.



Learn more about these critical issues in the EM2030 Global Report 2018, page 84 to 96.

EM2030 Global Report 2018



Goal Missing Issues Requiring Improved Global Measurement

  • SDG 1: Poverty Intra-household income and resource allocation
    • Access to nationally relevant social protection floors (women and men)
    • Women with secure tenure rights to land, with legal documentation
  • SDG 2: Hunger Low birth weight
    • Food insecurity (disaggregated by sex)
    • Average income of small-scale food producers (women and men)
  • SDG 3: Health Inequality in essential health coverage, poorest to richest quintile
    • Mental health and suicide (girls and women)
    • Age at first pregnancy
  • SDG 4: Education
    • Youth and adults with information and communications technology (ICT) skills (disaggregated by sex)
    • Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) as part of national curriculum and activities within schools
    • Girls under five years of age who are developmentally on track in health, learning and psychosocial well-being
  • SDG 5: Gender equality
    • Women’s household decision-making power
    • Women making their own informed decisions regarding sexual relations, contraceptive use and reproductive health care
    • Prevalence of violence against girls and women (especially intimate partner violence)
    • Assessment of CEDAW implementation
    • Extent of laws that discriminate against women
  • SDG 6: Water and sanitation
    • Inclusive local administration for WASH management
    • Menstrual hygiene management
  • SDG 7: Energy
    • Women’s participation in energy policymaking roles
  • SDG 8: Work and growth
    • Time use (unpaid care and domestic work)
    • Average hourly earnings of female and male employees
    • Mandatory paid parental leave policies (including ‘use it or lose it’ paid paternity leave)
    • Level of national compliance with labour rights (freedom of association and collective bargaining) (by sex)
    • Gender-based violence in and around the workplace
  • SDG 10: Inequality
    • Discriminatory laws and policies (e.g. based on ethnicity, religion, or caste)
    • Proportion of the population reporting having personally felt discriminated against or harassed within the previous 12 months (broken down by sex and other dimensions)
    • Whether data are broken down not just by sex but by other dimensions such as age, ethnicity, language,
      religion or region
  • SDG 13: Climate
    • Impact of slow onset crises on women compared to men, specifically in relation to male migration related to climate change without female family members
    • Impact on women, compared to men, of challenges/decrease in agricultural production related to climate change
    • Women’s inclusion in national decision making on climate policies
  • SDG 16: Peace, justice and institutions
    • Referred cases of sexual and gender-based violence against women and children that are investigated and sentenced
    • Young women and men aged 18-29 years who experienced sexual violence by age 18
    • Women’s participation in police, security forces, and the judiciary
  • SDG 17: Partnerships
    • Government spending on social infrastructure (including education, essential health services, early childhood education and childcare, other social care)
    • Tax paid and income earned data broken down by sex and by type of tax
    • Inclusion of gender provisions in trade agreements

Equal Measures 2030 Partners