Women’s access to decent work and to incomes not only improves their agency over their own lives, but can also reduce poverty and maternal mortality, and improve health, nutrition and educational outcomes for women and their families.
Advancing women’s equality to close existing economic and social gender gaps could boost global GDP by $12 trillion (or 11%) by 2025 if every country matched the progress of the fastest-improving country in their region.
Gender equality in employment gives women more decision-making power and enhances family well-being: they will typically invest more of their income than men in the health, nutrition and education of their children.
National evidence from Brazil, China, India, South Africa and the UK also demonstrates that women’s ability to earn and take part in financial decisions increases families’ resilience to economic shocks.
Yet, labour inequalities are pervasive, with women often facing legal and social hurdles around the types of jobs available to them and their ability to own and use land – also an issue for SDG 1.
Meanwhile, they do twice as much unpaid work as men. Women in developing countries are more likely than men to work in informal, poorly paid or unsafe jobs. SDG target 8.8 on labour rights recognises the risks of exploitation, trafficking and forced labour, while target 8.7 aims to eradicate such violations, which affect more than 40 million people – mostly girls and women – undermining global development and stability.
The 2019 SDG Gender Index examines gender focused issues and data under SDG 8 and provides a more complete picture of both the goal itself and its relationship to gender equality. Explore the included issues and indicators below.
Below is an overview of other important gender equality issues related to this SDG that are not currently reflected in the 2019 SDG Gender Index due to data gaps.
Despite the Kenya's progressive policy frameworks to improve gender equality and equity, girls and women still face discrimination.Read more
As we mark this year’s 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence campaign, EM2030 seeks to share insights from its Global Advocates Survey on the issue of GBV.Read more
Aminata has been a passionate advocate for the protection of children since 1990 when she had the opportunity to represent Senegal at the UN Summit in West Africa when she was just 12.Read more
“I have always worked in the social sector, but never before have I seen the Government listen as carefully as they do now.”
75% of advocates agree that cross-country comparisons are an important part of their advocacy work.
Women are more likely than men to work in informal employment: in South Asia, over 80% of women in non-agricultural jobs are in informal employment, in sub-Saharan Africa (74%) and in Latin America and the Caribbean (54%).
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