Access to affordable, clean energy can power global poverty reduction. Yet, more than one billion people lacked access to electricity in 2015, and three billion people relied on fuels such as wood, coal, kerosene and animal dung that undermine health and contribute to climate change. Over half the population of the developing world cooks over open fires. In 2012, the resulting air pollution contributed to around four million deaths from illnesses such as cancer, pneumonia and lung disease, with women and children accounting for 60% of these deaths.
On average, the rural poor travel the furthest to collect fuel that is, in turn, the most inefficient in converting to energy. As with water collection, girls and women often travel long distances for heavy loads of firewood, with the average wood load carried by women in Sub-Saharan Africa weighing around 20 kilograms.
The risks are also similar: sexual violence, fatigue, and lost time that could be spent in school or earning an income.
Problems intensify during crises, when the world’s most vulnerable people become those most acutely affected by a lack of clean energy. The UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and FAO found that access to fuel was one of the most pressing daily issues for the over 65 million people displaced worldwide by 2015. A 2016 study of a refugee camp in Tanzania found that attacks on girls and women collecting firewood spiked during influxes of new refugees, when increased demand meant that they had to travel further for firewood.
The 2019 SDG Gender Index examines gender focused issues and data under SDG 7 and provides a more complete picture of both the goal itself and its relationship to gender equality. Explore the included issues and indicators below.
Below is an overview of other important gender equality issues related to this SDG that are not currently reflected in the 2019 SDG Gender Index due to data gaps.
Despite the Kenya's progressive policy frameworks to improve gender equality and equity, girls and women still face discrimination.Read more
As we mark this year’s 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence campaign, EM2030 seeks to share insights from its Global Advocates Survey on the issue of GBV.Read more
Aminata has been a passionate advocate for the protection of children since 1990 when she had the opportunity to represent Senegal at the UN Summit in West Africa when she was just 12.Read more
“We come together on issues that affects us. The authorities hear you better when you come as a group.”
Women and children bear the burden of fuel and water collection and transport, with women in many developing countries spending from 1 to 4 hours a day collecting biomass for fuel.
1.1 billion people worldwide lack access to electricity.
Got one minute? Take this quick survey to help us improve this website.Join