It has been estimated that 800 million people lack access to clean water and an estimated 2.5 billion people lack access to proper sanitation, with girls and women feeling the greatest impact. They are responsible for water collection in 80% of households without access to running water.
Based on data across 24 Sub-Saharan countries from 2005 to 2012, an estimated 13.5 million women made round trips of more than an hour each day to collect water. Those walking long distances to collect water faced the risks of sexual violence, fatigue, injuries, and bone and muscle damage, as well as waterborne diseases.
Girls collecting water each day were also more vulnerable to pregnancy, exploitative labour and school dropout. A 2011 study in Ghana found that even a 15-minute reduction in water collection time increased the share of girls attending school by up to 12%.
Poor sanitation in schools also fuels gender gaps in primary and secondary school attendance. Girls in Bolivia, for example, have reported feeling fear, shame and lack of privacy at school during menstruation. Worldwide in 2015, half a billion women lacked toilets. Studies estimate that lack of access to clean water and sanitation costs up to 7% of GDP in some countries each year.
The 2019 SDG Gender Index examines gender focused issues and data under SDG 6 and provides a more complete picture of both the goal itself and its relationship to gender equality. Explore the included issues and indicators below.
Below is an overview of other important gender equality issues related to this SDG that are not currently reflected in the 2019 SDG Gender Index due to data gaps.
Despite the Kenya's progressive policy frameworks to improve gender equality and equity, girls and women still face discrimination.Read more
As we mark this year’s 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence campaign, EM2030 seeks to share insights from its Global Advocates Survey on the issue of GBV.Read more
Aminata has been a passionate advocate for the protection of children since 1990 when she had the opportunity to represent Senegal at the UN Summit in West Africa when she was just 12.Read more
Lack of access to clean water causes diseases that result in 3-5 million deaths globally each year.
Half a billion women globally, or 13% of all women, lack a toilet and place for privacy for menstrual hygiene management.
Q: Thinking ahead to 2023, what single indicator or metric would best enable policymakers to know if real progress has been made on gender equality?
A: Proportion of women who experience any form of gender-based violence. Violence is destructive. Peace is constructive. If women live in a safe environment – at home, in their communities – gender equality and women’s empowerment can thrive.
Got one minute? Take this quick survey to help us improve this website.Join