Women are vulnerable to climate change because they are more likely to be poor. They are more likely to die in a climate-fuelled disaster than men, and more likely to be displaced. They grow much of the world’s food, but often on the most degraded land. And climate change forces them to walk further to gather firewood and water, which takes time and can put them in danger.
Women’s equal access to agricultural resources could support SDG 2 on reducing hunger. It has been estimated that tackling gender inequalities in Malawi, for example, could increase crop yields by 7.3% and boost national GDP by 1.8%. When women have secure land tenure they are more likely to adopt climate-friendly practices. Evidence from the forestry sector reveals that women’s participation in forest management enhances the outcomes.
There are clear synergies between climate change and gender inequality, and as the group most affected by climate change, women need to be heard. Yet climate change responses are often ‘gender blind’, ignoring or even exacerbating existing inequalities. Research in Vietnam shows that women’s views are rarely considered in the design of gender-sensitive approaches to projects that aim to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+), which are more likely, therefore, to reflect male priorities.
The measurement of progress on SDG 13 needs to assess how climate change affects women and whether climate programmes tackle gender inequality, requiring a shift from readily available data to more ‘difficult-to-measure’ indicators.
The 2019 SDG Gender Index examines gender focused issues and data under SDG 13 and provides a more complete picture of both the goal itself and its relationship to gender equality. Explore the included issues and indicators below.
Below is an overview of other important gender equality issues related to this SDG that are not currently reflected in the 2019 SDG Gender Index due to data gaps.
Despite the Kenya's progressive policy frameworks to improve gender equality and equity, girls and women still face discrimination.Read more
As we mark this year’s 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence campaign, EM2030 seeks to share insights from its Global Advocates Survey on the issue of GBV.Read more
Aminata has been a passionate advocate for the protection of children since 1990 when she had the opportunity to represent Senegal at the UN Summit in West Africa when she was just 12.Read more
“Being allowed to share my opinions and express myself in my community makes me feel free.”
Just 9% of advocates prioritised “the effects of climatic and environmental change” as a key gender equality issue.
For every additional year of schooling a girl receives on average, her country’s resilience to climate disasters can be expected to improve by 3.2 points.
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