Widening income inequality within many countries signals that the world’s wealth is captured increasingly by its richest people. While growing income inequality can destabilize societies and harm entire nations, its most acute impact falls on those who are already disadvantaged, including girls and women.
For them, gender inequalities in health, education, work and access to civic participation intersect with multiple discriminations linked to race, ethnicity, caste, religion, location, sexuality, age, class or disability. Indigenous women around the world, for example, face a disproportionate lack of access to healthcare.
Evidence suggests that gender inequality also fuels overall income inequality: the poorest people overall earn less when women earn less. In 2016, UN Women reported that household inequality between women and men may account for up to 30% of all income inequality.
Greater equality, however, is associated with higher growth, better development outcomes and greater income equality. SDG 10 recognizes the linked objectives of gender and social equity in target 10.1 (accelerated income growth for the poorest 40%); target 10.3 (equal opportunities); and target 10.4 (to support greater equality).
The 2019 SDG Gender Index examines gender focused issues and data under SDG 10 and provides a more complete picture of both the goal itself and its relationship to gender equality. Explore the included issues and indicators below.
Below is an overview of other important gender equality issues related to this SDG that are not currently reflected in the 2019 SDG Gender Index due to data gaps.
Despite the Kenya's progressive policy frameworks to improve gender equality and equity, girls and women still face discrimination.Read more
As we mark this year’s 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence campaign, EM2030 seeks to share insights from its Global Advocates Survey on the issue of GBV.Read more
Aminata has been a passionate advocate for the protection of children since 1990 when she had the opportunity to represent Senegal at the UN Summit in West Africa when she was just 12.Read more
“Men often do not believe that gender-based violence is “bad” in their own country; being able to provide recent data on the prevalence rate as well as the age groups tends to ‘shut down’ this pushback.”
“Attitudes have not changed, women have come out for work, but burden and running family is still there, this is not recognized. We have to strike a balance.”
“We – the GROOTS women – decided to begin generating our localized data based on the specific needs of a specific project. This data is powerful – it is real time and highly contextualized.”
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