Click on the box to break down a country’s score and enable country comparisons on the SDG Gender Index by SDG and by the indicators.
Women’s access to decent work and to incomes not only improves their agency over their own lives, but can also reduce poverty and maternal mortality, and improve health, nutrition and educational outcomes for women and their families.
Advancing women’s equality to close existing economic and social gender gaps could boost global GDP by $12 trillion – or 11% – by 2025 if every country matched the progress of the fastest-improving country in their region.
Gender equality in employment gives women more decision-making power and enhances family well-being: they will typically invest more of their income than men in the health, nutrition and education of their children.
National evidence from Brazil, China, India, South Africa and the UK also demonstrates that women’s ability to earn and take part in financial decisions increases families’ resilience to economic shocks.
Yet labour inequalities are pervasive, with women often facing legal and social hurdles around the types of jobs available to them and their ability to own and use land – also an issue for SDG 1.
Meanwhile, they do twice as much unpaid work as men. Women in developing countries are more likely than men to work in informal, poorly paid or unsafe jobs. SDG target 8.8 on labour rights recognizes the risks of exploitation, trafficking and forced labour, while target 8.7 aims to eradicate such violations, which affect more than 40 million people mostly girls and women – undermining global development and stability.
Around the world, women disproportionately work in vulnerable roles within the informal economy. Indonesia had the highest ratio of women to men recognized as “contributing family workers” in 2017, reflecting that vulnerable employment (often unpaid) makes up a much higher proportion of employment for women than it does men.
The job choices for a staggering 2.7 billion women worldwide are legally restricted. Among the focus countries, Kenya receives the highest score for laws mandating women’s economic equality. Colombia, El Salvador and Senegal perform poorly in terms of laws protecting women’s rights in the workplace.
Here we highlight the ‘missing’ critical gender equality issues that we weren’t able to include in the Index due to insufficient globally comparable data. These ‘missing’ issues can help form part of an advocacy agenda calling for more and better gender data, contributing to existing calls for gaps in gender data to be filled.
A major driver in drop-out rates for girls in school is linked to child marriage, especially at secondary level. Diarra and her teacher collect data at school to tackle the issue in their community.Go to the Story
Together with her mother, Laura pushes for progress on gender equality in El Salvador. She uses radio and video to share her opinions about child rights in her community.Go to the Story
As a result of her experiences in the height of the armed conflict in Colombia, Margarita has dedicated her life to fighting for women’s rights and liberties.Go to the Story