Click on the box to enable country comparisons on the SDG Gender Index by SDG and by indicator.
Women are vulnerable to climate change because they are more likely to be poor. They are more likely to die in a climate-fuelled disaster than men, and more likely to be displaced. They grow much of the world’s food, but often on the most degraded land. And climate change forces them to walk further to gather firewood and water, which as we saw for SDGs 6 and 7, takes time and puts them in danger.
Women’s equal access to agricultural resources could support SDG 2 on reducing hunger. It has been estimated that tackling gender inequalities in Malawi, for example, could increase crop yields by 7.3% and boost national GDP by 1.8%. When women have secure land tenure they are more likely to adopt climate-friendly practices: evidence from the forestry sector reveals that women’s participation in forest management enhances the outcomes.
There are clear synergies between climate change and gender inequality, and as the group most affected by climate change, women need to be heard. Yet climate change responses are often ‘gender blind’, ignoring or even exacerbating existing inequalities. Research in Vietnam shows that women’s views are rarely considered in the design of gender-sensitive approaches to projects that aim to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+), which are more likely, therefore, to reflect male priorities.
The measurement of progress on SDG 13 needs to assess how climate change affects women and whether climate programmes tackle gender inequality, requiring a shift from readily available data to more ‘difficult-to-measure’ indicators.
Persons missing due to disaster:
India scores the lowest of the six countries on the climate change goal, driven largely by the massive share of its people affected by disasters in recent years (including massive droughts in 2015 and 2016). The number of deaths, missing persons and persons affected by disaster (per 1,000 population) in India was 9.46 in 2017, compared to .07 in Senegal.
Women’s participation at the UN climate negotiations has improved, but women remain under-represented in all delegations. India had the least gender-balanced delegation representing the country at the UNFCCC in 2012, and Colombia had the most gender-balanced delegation.
Here we highlight the ‘missing’ critical gender equality issues that we weren’t able to include in the Index due to insufficient globally comparable data. These ‘missing’ issues can help form part of an advocacy agenda calling for more and better gender data, contributing to existing calls for gaps in gender data to be filled.
"I want to dedicate my time and energy to land rights for women and forced displacement as a result of the armed conflict."Go to the Story
In Kenya, once a woman becomes a widow she runs the risk of losing her land. Alice and GROOTS Kenya collected data on land ownership to change this.Go to the Story
Sukaesih experienced gender based violence in her marriage for six years. She joined a community women’s group to help girls in her situation and to push for better access to government services.Go to the Story