SDG 1 - No Poverty

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billion people moved out of extreme poverty between 1990 and 2018


women aged 25-34 lived in extreme poverty in developing countries for every 100 men (in 2017)


of land holders in developing countries were women (in 2011)

Why SDG 1 matters for gender equality

Despite enormous achievements in halving the 1990 poverty rate during the era of the MDGs, a continuing lack of disaggregated data blurs the different ways in which poverty today affects men and women, with assumptions that those within a household share the same standard of living. In reality, intra-household gender inequities mean that girls and women feel the impact of poverty most severely.

Analysis by UN Women and the World Bank also finds that women are 4% to 8% more likely than men to live in extreme poverty, with the widest gap in Central and Southern Asia.

As well as leaving girls and women more vulnerable to poverty, gender inequities deny them the resources to cope, including education, incomes, banking and credit, control of assets and decision-making power.

In hard times, poverty and gender inequities combine to undermine their prospects, with girls and women more likely to stop education, start unpaid labour, eat last and go without healthcare.

Annie Spratt, Equal Measures 2030
Annie Spratt

Click on a box to learn about the goal’s related issues, indicators and its relevance to gender equality.

Key findings from the SDG Gender Index

  • Reduction in poverty:

    Significant strides have been made in all focus countries to reduce poverty in recent decades. Indonesia has the lowest proportion of citizens living in poverty, with 11% of the population living below the national poverty line in 2017. Of the focus countries, Senegal has the most citizens living below the national poverty line (47% in 2011)

  • Social protections:

    Social protections can ease the impact of poverty and enhance women’s livelihoods. Among the focus countries, Colombia has the highest proportion of the poorest 20% of the population covered by social assistance (81% in 2014), with Indonesia close behind (76% in 2015).

  • Land tenure:

    Control of resources, including land, is critical to gender equality—yet women’s property rights are limited by law in 75 countries. Colombia, El Salvador and India all guarantee women’s equal access to land use, control and ownership. Indonesia, Kenya and Senegal each have at least one law on the books that limits women’s land tenure.

Gender Equality Issues Without Sufficient Global Data

Here we highlight the ‘missing’ critical gender equality issues that we weren’t able to include in the Index due to insufficient globally comparable data. These ‘missing’ issues can help form part of an advocacy agenda calling for more and better gender data, contributing to existing calls for gaps in gender data to be filled.

Intra-household income and resource allocation

Access to nationally-relevant social protection floors (women and men)

Women with secure tenure rights to land, with legal documentation


Equal Measures 2030 Partners