Equal Measures 2030 Data Hub

Tanzania

Gender Equality Context in Tanzania

Tanzania has seen recent progress on issues such as girl’s access to primary and secondary education and women’s representation in decision-making spaces. For example, from 2010/11 to 2014/15, the proportion of women in senior positions increased from 33% to 41%. Women have also seen an improvement in access to employment in “sectors such as manufacturing, trade, hotels and food services”. However, the earnings from agriculture, which is one of Tanzania’s most important economic drivers (20% of the country’s GDP in 2014), are still lower for women than for men.

To prompt further gender equality progress and the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the government of Tanzania has made some efforts to align SDG implementation strategies with its national development plan. By engaging civil society organisations, the government is localising the SDG implementation.

Tanzania has ratified both the 2030 SDG Agenda and the long term 2063 Agenda, as well as regional development plans, such as the South African Development Community (SADC) and the Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan (2005- 2020). Yet, current national plans still don’t fully capture gender equality issues and women’s empowerment.

To effectively implement the SDGs in Tanzania by 2030, it is suggested that the country has to: 1) effective participation of local government authorities (LGAs) and stakeholders to define how SDGs should be adapted in Tanzania, 2) increase and innovative financing to support the agenda, 3) allocate adequate resources for developing a statistical system to monitor and evaluate progress. Other key challenges that persists concern data evaluation and assessments, data production, and capacity building for monitoring progress.

Plan International / Rob Beechey
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“Women and girls in Tanzania must have equal opportunities and equal rights and live free from violence. Although institution reforms in Governments highlight promising paths toward responding to and preventing gender based violence, it is still a grave reality for women and girls due to gender norms, culture, social, and economic inequalities.”

Fatma Toufiq, WOWAP Director and Member of Parliament (Tanzania)

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“Gender equality and development are twins, focusing on one side and leaving another one behind will continue to create a gender gap. In Magu District for example, where 51.1% of the population are females, just one woman was elected in the election of 2015 to be a counselor. Our coalition [Achieve SDG5] addresses gender issues and empower women with skills to participate in leadership in Tanzania.”

William I. Johnson, Executive Director, HDPF Tanzania

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”If we increase women’s caliber in our decision making organs, we will make our lives better now and in the future.”

Bernard Otieno, Esq. Executive Director, Himiza Social Justice, Geita-Tanzania

Partner in Tanzania

Achieve SDG5

Achieve SDG5 is a coalition of eight grassroots women’s groups who are supporting and equipping girls and women in Tanzania with new skills, knowledge, data and evidence-based messaging to influence policymakers at all levels on issues related to gender equality.

Achieve SDG5 aims to connect girls and women who experience gender inequalities on a daily basis with policymakers that have the power to develop and implement policies. Parts of this work include training girls and women in advocacy, leadership and communications in order to improve their involvement and interaction with policymakers.

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Equal Measures 2030 Partners