Equal Measures 2030 Data Hub

Indonesia

Gender Equality Context in Indonesia

Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world and has one of the highest literacy rates in Asia (females 93.59% and males 97.17%). The country has put in place a number of laws, regulations and programmes that provide support to girls and women, including the Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional (JKN), one of the world’s largest national health insurance programmes. This currently provides free healthcare to almost 3/4 of the population and has included significant investments to reduce maternal mortality.

Legal barriers in some key areas, however, coupled with a patriarchal culture and religious conservatism, continue to prevent girls and women from fulfilling their rights. Tax and inheritance laws, for example, discriminate against women and legislation to protect women against sexual harassment and domestic violence is weak or goes unenforced.

According to the 2016 Women’s Health and Life Experiences Survey, one in three women aged 15-64 years in Indonesia reported that she had experienced physical and/or sexual violence in her lifetime. Women also face legal barriers and discrimination in the economy: at 51% in 2017, Indonesia’s female labour-force participation rate was well below that for males (around 80%) and lower than average for countries at a comparable stage of development.

According to a recent studythe main drivers of low female labour force participation in Indonesia are marriage, having children under the age of two in the household, low educational attainment (below upper-secondary and tertiary levels) and a changing economic structure that has seen a decline in the sector of agriculture as a result of migration from rural to urban areas, in particular.

Plan International / Crystaline Randazzo
Plan International / Crystaline Randazzo

Stories

From evidence to action: focus on GBV

As we mark this year’s 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence campaign, EM2030 seeks to share insights from its Global Advocates Survey on the issue of GBV.

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Using data to increase women’s access to government services

“We’re working with the Social Security Administrator and Social Department to access the government scheme,” says Ning.

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Changing the community through video

“My name is Saroj. I interview community members and produce videos to highlight local issues and tell stories on behalf of women and girls."

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“’Why did you join this group?’ my husband asked. Now he’s supportive and contributes at home. We’ve faced resistance from our chief, because it’s perceived to be unmanly to help at home, but we’re challenging these stereotypes.”

Ninh, Indonesia

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“We collect data so that we can help women who have experienced domestic violence or early marriage gain government support for healthcare and other essential social services.”

Kesi, Indonesia

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91% of advocates say that more and better data would be helpful in their work.

Equal Measures 2030 / Ipsos Mori study 2018

Partner in Indonesia

Jessica Lomelin / Equal Measures 2030

KAPAL Perempuan

With support from Equal Measures 2030, KAPAL Perempuan is building a data-driven advocacy movement to ensure the achievement of the SDGs with a focus on issues related to child marriage and education. The project gathers data and undertakes influencing in three key geographic areas (Lombok, Gresik and West Sulawesi) and is strengthened through cooperation and dialogue with grassroots women’s groups, multi-stakeholder networks, and government at national and regional levels. To date, KAPAL Perempuan has influenced the district governments to issue a circular letter supporting the prevention and elimination of child marriage.

KAPAL has also had significant engagement with national bodies including Bappenas and the Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection and with the President’s office to secure commitments to achieve a 12-year compulsory education program, decrease the maternal mortality rate, break the poverty chain, prevent trafficking in women, and increase human resources to achieve the SDGs.

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Equal Measures 2030 Partners